Community Right to Bid: Step 1
Mapping Community Assets
In a nutshell…
Yes we can
Community empowerment begins when a community realises that… it can. Every community has assets and potential within it – land and buildings, people, skills and networks, funding – even communities with the most challenging needs. But, we don’t always recognise what we have. Mapping a community’s assets is an important means of identifying local strengths and opportunities. It helps us to develop a positive mindset about the future – not to be trapped by past patterns or present challenges. By seeing what assets we have, it encourages us to think about opportunities for the future. What do we already have? What are we capable of? Where do we want to go from here?
Let’s revive, preserve and transform the land and buildings that bring life to our communities
One of the most important types of assets in any community is its land and buildings. Some of these places will be of particular value to local people – maybe an historic landmark, the local park or the only library left in town. There may also be places with great potential for social benefit too – a redundant cinema that could become a community space, a derelict area of land that could be used for affordable housing or a vacant shop unit that could become a community art gallery for a few months. It is now increasingly possible for communities to take part in reviving, preserving or transforming local land and buildings that matter to them.
Community Asset Mapping – mapping for a purpose
Community asset mapping is a way of getting together with others in your local area to identify the places that matter and places with potential. It is not just an academic exercise. We map for a purpose – to help us to identify actions that we can take, as a community, to improve our local environment and make better use of local assets for the benefit of local people.
Map > Visualise > Prioritise > Act!
Community asset mapping is easy to do. It requires no technical expertise or tools. It is free. It can be done together with other people. It can be fun too! This guide offers some simple ideas and steps to help you get started. We encourage every community to have a go at asset mapping. It helps communities to think positively about what opportunities exist to transform local places. It helps to focus attention on places with the most potential. It generates momentum for change. It brings people together to work for the common good. And local communities are often best placed to know what is needed locally, and where the opportunities are.
Give it a go!
What are community assets?
A community asset is a local building or piece of land which the community considers to be of particular value to the local community. Each community is free to decide for itself what it values.
We think there are three main reasons why something might be considered a community asset:
- it might be the building or land itself (e.g. an historic or iconic local building)
- it might be the activities or service which are delivered from a space or building (e.g. a library service)
- it might be the future potential of a site – what it could become
Or it might be two or even all three of these. For example, an historic building from which the local library is being run, but which has spare space and could be used for much more would fit all three reasons.
What makes a community asset?
Places of value – ‘we particularly value this place and what it means for us’
- Cultural or sporting or leisure spaces – museums, theatres, sports centres, play spaces
- Community spaces – community centres, community offices, resource centres, village halls, faith buildings
- Local democratic spaces – town halls
- Green spaces – village greens, nature reserves, parks, sports fields
- Landmark buildings – buildings with particular heritage or architectural merit
These are only suggestions. A place might fall into more than one category.
Places of opportunity – ‘this site could be used for so much more…’
Sometimes we need to use our imagination. What does the local community want its local area to be like? Are there opportunities to create new places or services? Is there anything important missing or in short supply?
Opportunity sites might be:
- Derelict or currently unused
- In use, but in need of refurbishment
- Previously undeveloped
- Only temporarily out of use
Potential uses include:
- New housing
- New employment
- Small-scale energy generation (e.g. wind turbine)
- New community spaces
- Public or retail services
- Meanwhile’ or temporary uses
Services or activities of value – ‘we particularly value this service/activity and what it does for us’
We might value these services even if we are not so bothered about which building they are located in.
- Public services – such as libraries, health centres, schools, children’s centres
- Retail or commercial services – such as the post office, village shop or pub.
Swipe left/right for more information
|How do we map assets?|
|Map||What: Think about what you want to achieve. Why are you doing this? When do you want to complete it by?|
|Where: Be clear about which area you want to map – start small with a neighbourhood/village. Keep it manageable.|
|Who: Who can help you? Try to work with other groups. Having a mix of people will give you a more balanced view – young and old, male and female, different interest groups. What about working with local schools or youth groups? Your local authority may be able to provide you with information about public and community assets.|
|How: There are lots of different ways to approach mapping – you can try more than one. Use the mapping process to generate suggestions about which assets matter:|
|Online surveys can reach hundreds of people easily and can be done free of charge. If you have a membership database, you could try this, asking them to email you suggested assets or going to a survey web page to give their views. A more open ‘crowd sourcing’ approach can also be used, inviting the public to take part, maybe through your website, twitter or social networking sites.|
|Focus groups and discussion groups are good for bringing people together to identify possible opportunities, discuss issues and see where people agree. Having a map in front of you can help stimulate ideas.|
|Walkabouts with small groups of people, armed with cameras, can both stimulate ideas and generate discussions within the groups. You could agree which streets each group will look at.|
|The local media can be used to generate interest and report on discussions, including newspapers and local bloggers.|
|Visualise||Try to record all of the suggestions in a visual way if possible, ideally on a map, as this will make it easier to discuss. This could involve putting post-it notes on a simple map on a flipchart or on a wall map, or using an online mapping tool.|
|Prioritise||Having generated a long list of suggested assets, get together and discuss whether it is possible to prioritise them. Which assets does the community value the most and thinks offer the most potential for being revived, preserved or transformed?|
|Act||Follow up your discussions by using the information to stimulate action. Be realistic, focus on some manageable goals. There are more ideas on the next page about what you can do next…|
OK, we mapped…now what?
We map for a purpose. For each community asset that you identified as a priority, there may be action that you can take… to revive, preserve or transform for the benefit of the community.